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What is a Family Doctor?

What is a Family Doctor A family doctor (general practitioner) is a specialist with deep scientific knowledge and practical skills in various fields of medicine. He/she is a therapist, a gastroenterologist, a surgeon, an orthopedist, an ENT specialist, a paediatrician and gynaecologist in one person. The field of activity of the family doctor affects not only the health of one patient but the health of all members of his family.

When to see a family doctor?

A general practitioner can advise you on most health issues. You need to consult a family doctor if you have any of the following signs:

  • shortness of breath, choking;
  • fever, chills;
  • wheezing, nasal congestion, cough, runny nose, sore throat;
  • earache, auricular discharge, hearing loss;
  • general weakness, sharp fluctuations in blood pressure;
  • flatulence, constipation, diarrhea, heartburn, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, blood or mucus in the feces;
  • chest pain, tingling and numbness of the limbs;
  • skin rashes, sores, peeling, itching, redness;
  • anxiety, sleep disorder, depression;
  • fatigue, constant thirst, dry mouth;
  • pain in the lumbar region, perineum, etc.

When you notice any alarming symptom, you should immediately make an appointment with a family doctor, because it can be an indication of a serious illness.

What services does a family doctor provide?

Consultation of a family doctor in most cases eliminates the need to consult a specialist since his professional training makes it possible to correctly diagnose and correctly treat a wide range of diseases and pathological conditions. The family doctor involves allied specialists only in difficult or controversial cases to consult and jointly develop a treatment plan. But at the same time, he still continues to monitor the entire therapeutic process and is fully responsible for the patient. The activity of a family doctor includes:

  • diagnosis and treatment of various diseases;
  • vaccinations and preventive examinations;
  • identification of risk factors for the development of chronic diseases;
  • recommendations for nutrition and a healthy lifestyle;
  • registration of all necessary medical documentation;
  • home visits.

Doctors of a general practice strictly follow all international standards in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and do not prescribe unnecessary or ineffective treatment and diagnostic procedures (dietary supplements, etc.). Addressing a family doctor, you can be completely sure that you will receive high-quality, professional family doctor services, tailored to all individual characteristics of the body and the nature of the disease.

Consultation with a family physician

Family doctor consultation begins with anamnesis. The specialist will ask you about the complaints, find out the reasons for previous visits to medical institutions, and study the history of the disease. After that, the doctor will conduct an examination using objective examination methods - percussion, auscultation and palpation. He will determine which laboratory and instrumental methods of research are needed, and, based on the data obtained, prescribe an effective treatment or, if necessary, refer you for consultation to a specialist. It is very important to answer the questions that the specialist will ask in as much detail as possible. This will provide a more complete picture of the pathology. Also, do not forget to tell about what medications you are already taking or have taken, whether there are allergies to drugs. The family doctor will answer all the questions regarding the features of the course of the disease and its treatment and will give all the necessary instructions regarding the dosage and regimen of medication, as well as treatment procedures and manipulations.

What types of conditions does a family practice doctor treat?

The family doctor treats not only otitis and cold. The competence of the general practitioner includes the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of any nature - inflammatory, infectious, systemic, allergic, etc. Most often, a family doctor treats the following diseases:

  • rhinitis, influenza, ARVI, otitis media;
  • arthritis, osteochondrosis, sciatica, sciatica;
  • IHD, tachycardia, arterial hypertension, heart failure;
  • allergic diseases;
  • pneumonia, bronchitis, laryngitis, bronchial asthma, etc.;
  • ulcer of the stomach and duodenum, gastritis, pancreatitis, colitis, duodenitis, etc.;
  • neurological problems;
  • cystitis, pyelonephritis and other diseases of the urinary system;
  • childhood infections - measles, whooping cough, chickenpox, scarlet fever, etc.

Family medicine is a unique line of medical practice, due to the systematic approach to the whole family. A family doctor can trace the genetic pathology, the relationship between the disease, the lifestyle of a person and social conditions, and ensure proper prevention of the development of possible diseases. The family doctor knows you for many years, and only he can comprehensively evaluate all factors and approach the treatment process individually!

How is diagnosis made?

If you or your family member gets sick, it's necessary to make a diagnosis as soon as possible and prescribe proper treatment. The arsenal of general practitioners contains the most modern and highly informative methods of laboratory and instrumental studies:

  • analyzes (clinical, biochemical, bacteriological, etc.);
  • functional diagnostics methods - REG, echocardiogram, ECG, CTG, Holter monitoring of blood pressure and ECG;
  • endoscopic examinations - bronchoscopy, colonoscopy, gastroscopy, RPHG;
  • ultrasound of all organs and systems, CT, MRI;
  • X-ray (irrigoscopy, urography, mammography, etc.).

All examinations are performed in comfortable conditions, without pain and negative feelings, using the most modern equipment. This allows a family doctor to get maximum health information in a short period of time.

What treatments are used?

The undoubted advantage of a family doctor is not only an excellent professional training but also a wide range of medical techniques used. When prescribing medication, family doctors use modern drugs, which are selected based on the nature of the disease and other factors - the patient's age, comorbidity, etc. They also prescribe various complementary therapies, alternative therapy, physiotherapy, low-traumatic, sparing surgical techniques within the framework of outpatient surgery. Depending on the nature, stage and course of the disease, the doctor selects an individual treatment regimen, including a wide range of conservative, and, if necessary, surgical methods. An integrated approach to diagnosis and treatment allows them to achieve success even in solving complex medical problems and provide the patient with a speedy recovery.

Benefits of a family doctor

  • Seeing a family doctor will save you from having to pay for consultations of several doctors (general practitioner, pediatrician, gerontologist). You, your children and parents will be able to receive quality medical care in one clinic;
  • Many issues related to the health of adults and children can be solved by one doctor. Most patients receive the necessary medical care without recourse to other specialists;
  • When the medical records of all family members are kept by a single doctor, when choosing treatment methods, he may consider the risks and nuances eluded by doctors unfamiliar with a family history.

Home visits

Some situations exclude the possibility of a trip to the clinic for examination and delivery of materials for analysis. A worsening of the disease, a recent surgery, advanced age, inability to leave the child at home or another reason may become a real obstacle. In this case, the only way out will be to call the family doctor at home. The specialist will come to you and perform the full range of necessary medical and diagnostic activities in comfortable conditions. If necessary, a family doctor can perform a number of medical nursing procedures.